Banksias: The no. 1 plant for attracting wildlife

I have a Coastal Banksia (Banksia integrefolia) in my backyard and it has attracting some awesome bird species to my garden over the years. Just a month ago I was surprised to find a female Bowerbird stopping over in this tree. While I don’t think it was feeding off it, it certainly used the wiry branches of the Banksia as protection from aggressive birds such as minas. Its remarkable as the nearest bush is still a few blocks away. Another avian highlight was a few years ago when I discovered a Scaly-breasted Lorrikeet pair feeding off the Banksia pollen. At the stage I was quite new to birds and was confused as to why a Rainbow Lorikeet was all green. I took photos and later discovered to my amazement that we had just had a pair of the rarer Scaly-breasted Lorikeets visiting.

Scaley-breasted Lorikeet (Trichoglossus chlorolepidopus) feeding off my backyard Banksia | Copyright Chad Beraneki 2013)

Scaley-breasted Lorikeet (Trichoglossus chlorolepidopus) feeding off my backyard Banksia | Copyright Chad Beraneki 2013)

Rainbow Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haemotodus) feeding off the same Banksia | Copright Chad Beranek 2016

Rainbow Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haemotodus) feeding off the same Banksia | Copright Chad Beranek 2016

While the obvious candidates to be attracted to Banksias are animals that feed off the nectar and use the plant for protection, there are even more potential species which can be attracted by these plants. The other night I was marveling and some of the ‘flow-on’ attracting powers it has. And what I mean by flow-on is how attracting one animal species might attract another. We have had lots of Grey-headed Flying Foxes visiting lately which have been enjoying the last remains of the Banksia nectar for this season. Their presence attracted a very large and menacing backyard resident which has not been recorded in my garden yet…

An adorable Grey-headed Flying Fox (Pteropus poliocephalus) having a Banksia pollen feed | Copyright Chad Beranek 2016

An adorable Grey-headed Flying Fox (Pteropus poliocephalus) having a Banksia pollen feed | Copyright Chad Beranek 2016


The resident they attracted was the local Powerful Owl who has a few roosting sites and nesting hollows scattered around Sutherland Shire (sometimes you can catch them at Camelia Gardens). I was actually coming home late from a party that night and heard the flying foxes make their usual playful chatter among the foliage of our Banksia. But then I caught a glance of the silhouette of a large bird sitting on my neighbors aerial. Straight away I knew that the only bird it could be is a Powerful Owl, due to the size. I stayed up late observing him eyeing off the flying foxes, waiting for them to make one wrong move. Fortunately they didn’t cross paths with the owl and didn’t seem to even notice it.

Powerful Owl (Ninox strenua) sitting on my neighbours aerial eyeing off flying foxes | Copyright Chad Beranek 2016

Powerful Owl (Ninox strenua) sitting on my neighbours aerial eyeing off flying foxes | Copyright Chad Beranek 2016

This is just one example of some flow-on attracting powers the Banksia has. There are plenty more animals that can potentially be attracting by this plant which cover all animal groups. Some old school naturalists back in the day have stated that Perons Tree Frogs will sleep in the bark and small hollows of Banksia so they are even good for attracting local hylid tree frogs. The amount of animals that will be attracted to Banksias increases ten-fold if you are close to bushland, with rather critters likely to make an appearance, including Pigmy Possums, Feathertailed Gliders, Antechinus, Sugar Gliders and countless nectar feeding birds. You might get lucky and attract some really rare nectar feeding birds.

Brush-tailed Possum (Trichosurus vulpecula) climbing the nearby Paperbark after having a Banksia feed | Copyright Chad Beranek 2016

Brush-tailed Possum (Trichosurus vulpecula) climbing the nearby Paperbark after having a Banksia feed | Copyright Chad Beranek 2016

 

 

Comment below if you have a Banksia in the backyard and have noticed any Australian animals using the Banksia for food or habitat!

 

Manly Vale Public School upgrade threatens local extinction of endangered species

The cover image is copyright of Stephen Mahony and this article is written by Chad Beranek

 

Manly Vale Public school is praised as being an innovative pioneer in regards to teaching their students the importance of the environment and sustainability. One of the reasons this school is able to to achieve such success in this area is because of its location. The school is located next to well kept remnant bushland which forms a linkage to Manly Dam Reserve which has further linkages that reach Garigal National Park and beyond. This unique setting allows students of Manly Vale Public School to immerse with the Australian wilderness and learn about the plants and animals which dwell there. This is a crucially important experience for children to have during their development. This enables them to form an early respect and understanding of the natural heritage of Australia, as well as a toolkit for survival and an early embodiment of adventure and joy of the wilderness.

Despite boasting being one of the few school in Sydney lucky enough to be surrounded by pristine Sydney sandstone woodland and being the forefront in primary education of sustainability, the department of education have decided to expand the school in a very unsustainable manner. Much of the  4.37 hectares of bushland proposed for “removal” will be on Department of Education land including the schools own “nature area”- used to teach generations of children about the environment. Clearing for the Asset Protection Zone requires compulsory acquisition of land into  Condover and Manly Dam Reserves. The latter being a living memorial to those who served in two world wars.

Now lets make this clear, I’m not against the expansion. I want this school to expand so it’s environmental education can reach more students. However, it can expand it’s facilities in a much more sustainable way. In this article I will describe what animals and plants of interest call this bushland-to-be-developed home and the inherent threats these species face.

The threatened Red-crowned Toadlet (Pseudophryne australis) | Copyright Chad Beranek 2016

The threatened Red-crowned Toadlet (Pseudophryne australis) | Copyright Chad Beranek 2016

The threatened Red-crowned Toadlet is the first in line to be completely wiped out from this area if this development proceeds. As I have described in the Backyard Conservation Fact Sheet for this species, the Red-crowned Toadlet is vulnerable to development which occurs on the ridge top above where they live. This is because Red-crowned Toadlets are always found on sandstone slopes in trickling tributaries and soaks. Development which occurs on the ridge top causes altered storm water regimes which always causes surplus of water discharges down these trickles and soaks which end up washing away the nests of these rare frogs.

Red-crowned Toadlets are usually only found in large reserves and national parks, so the fact that they are occurring in this comparatively small tract of bush next to Manly Vale Public School is a testament to how healthy and biodiverse this bush patch is. The proposed expansion of the school sees buildings to be constructed on the ridge above the known Red-crowned Toadlets populations and alarmingly close. These population will unfortunately be entirely extirpated from this bushland if the proposed development proceeds.

Eastern Pigmy Possum (Cercartetus nanus)

As with the Red-crowned Toadlets, the Eastern Pygmy Possum also faces local extinction if the current proposal is allowed to go through. The Eastern Pygmy Possum (the one depicted in the cover photo) is one of the smallest possums in the world and is just an adorable animal. Unfortunately often comes out second best in the face of urban expansion. In the case of Manly Vale, the remnant bushland next to the school appears to contain one of the most urban situated populations, which just further highlights how valuable and diverse this relatively small strip of bushland is. Experts have said that this population appears to be the remnant stronghold for pygmy possums in Manly Vale. Any further encroachment can and will eliminate pygmy possums from this area and surrounding areas.

Powerful Owl chick

Powerful Owl chick. These birds threatened and naturally rare. They are very picky in choosing their nesting hollow. Cutting down a chosen nesting tree will eliminate them from the surrounding landscape.

There are many more animals at threat  from the proposed expansion, including Bandicoots, Edichnas and Wallabies, but I have just touched on the threatened rare species. There has even been Powerful Owls found nesting on site. In addition to the threatened animals that face local extinction, there are also potential for threatened plants occurring on this site which also face annihilation. The plants include the Sunshine Wattle (Acacia terminalis spp. terminalis), Pimelea curviflora var. curviflora, Seaforth Mintbush (Prostanthera marifolia), and  Tetratheca glandulosa. This surprisingly diverse little bush hosts a wide array of many other  plants which once again highlight just how biodiverse it is. Thanks can be given to the hard working bush regeneration volunteers of this area which have labored thousands of hours keeping this bush clean and weed free. Unfortunately the proposed development would see all this work undone.

Sunshine Wattle (Acacia terminalis) | Copyright Chad Beranek 2014

Sunshine Wattle (Acacia terminalis) | Copyright Chad Beranek 2014

The fact is that there is enough space on school grounds which don’t contain bush to start development there. The proposed bush smashing can be undone with a smarter, more sustainable and less fragmenting development design. Any decrease in the destruction of Sydney sandstone woodland is huge in conserving the nature in Sydney as this biome is constantly under threat because it is situated in the most urbanised area of Australia. This is a very similar to a case to the Spring Gully threat. Both of these land clearances are proposed to be occurring within Sydney sandstone woodland, and in both instances we need to realise that we cannot negotiate the already limited pristine bushland within the Sydney region. There are always smarter and more sustainable ways of achieving development.

Pimelea curvifolia var. glabrata, a close and more common relative of Pimelea curviflora var. curviflora | Copyright Chad Beranek 2014

Pimelea curvifolia var. glabrata, a close and more common relative of Pimelea curviflora var. curviflora | Copyright Chad Beranek 2014

 

Overall we need to understand that we live in an age with an ever expanding population and thus very limited resources. Our strength is being the most intelligent species in the world. We need to use this intelligence and realise that unsustainable destruction of nature will only have negative compounding influences in the future. If the directors of the expansion of Manly Vale Public School can’t wake up and see just how unsustainable and unproductive the proposed development is, they will undo all the good work this school has been striving to achieve in the fronts of sustainability, the environment and the very future of the next generation of innovators and pioneers.




To help out and stay informed please visit, like this page and voice your opinion. Every voice counts, with enough of us we can call out ill-informed bad practices like this and ensure a sustainable and prosperous future for all. You can find out more information on the Wild About blog.

The video below provides more information on this bushland:

Destruction of Australia’s oldest National Park – The Royal scheduled to be downsized

The Royal National Park is one of the oldest national parks in the entire world. It was the first to receive the title of a national park and is only younger in terms of being a nature conservation area by Yosemite and Yellowstone. The Royal National Park is also one of the closest national parks to a city. This is one of Australias biggest boasting points as in almost all other countries one must travel hours to experience untouched wilderness, yet in Sydney one needs only to travel 40 minutes. This closeness to the city is also a major breakthrough for wildlife conservation as it acts a source of habitat which provides population of a large variety of animals shelter and food, and enables these populations to expand into neighboring urban suburbs. This enables Sydney to pertain a high biodiversity compared to other cities in the world.

Despite having the claim to being arguably the oldest national park in the world, and despite the paramount conservation value this amazing natural heritage area offers, the beautiful forests within the Royal National Park are still under threat of developers. Over a thousand trees are threatened to be cut down over multiple hectares of unaltered bush, many of which provide essential housing for possums, sugar gliders and birds. These hollows can’t be replaced by plantings, as it takes at least 80 years for a tree to mature enough to support a large enough hollow. The trees present in Spring Gully are very unique. The canopy mostly comprises of Red Bloodwood (Corymbia gummifera) which is a relatively common relative of the Eucalypt. However the Red Bloodwoods present in this area have formed in strange growths known as ‘mallee’, which is very rare for this species and yet is abundant at this particular site.

Ring-tailed Possum (Pseudocheirus perigrinus). One of the many tree dwellers set to loose their home in Spring Gully | Copyright Chad Beranek 2016

Ring-tailed Possum (Pseudocheirus perigrinus). One of the many tree dwellers set to loose their home in Spring Gully | Copyright Chad Beranek 2016

This area is also a stronghold for the vulnerable Eastern Pigmy Possum (Carcetus nanus). This adorable marsupial is susceptible to fires which are a common in the Royal due to the practice of back burning. However Spring Gully represents one of the only areas in the entire Royal National Park which has remained unburnt for a comparatively substantial amount of time. This is evident with the presence of a large Pigmy Possum population which is present in Spring Gully. This population appears to be acting as a population stronghold for this threatened species, and provides ongoing breeding which enables the population to spread from this point.

The threatened Eastern Pigmy Possum (Cercartetus nanus) | Copyright Chad Beranek 2016

The threatened Eastern Pigmy Possum (Cercartetus nanus) | Copyright Chad Beranek 2016

Two threatened frog species are also under threat from this development. The Red-crowned Toadlet (Pseudophryne australis), which occurs on the proposed site in the small trickles, and the Giant Burrowing Frog (Heleioporus australiacus) which would use the site as foraging habitat and breeding habitat. The development threatens both species as firstly, development build at the top of a slopes (as is planned) increases water volume, due to guttering, running down the slope. This results in increased water movement speeds which clear the accumulated leaf litter clumps in the tributaries that the Red-crowned Toadlets depend on for breeding. Furthermore, human disturbances have been known to always completely eliminated Giant Burrowing Frogs from areas mainly due to elimination of habitat, as this frog species has a large home range and requires pristine vegetation across their home range. That is why they are only found in large nature reserves and national parks. This development threatens to completely wipe out the Bundeena occurring population.

Giant Burrowing Frog (Heleioporus australiacus) | Copyright Chad Beranek 2015

Giant Burrowing Frog (Heleioporus australiacus) | Copyright Chad Beranek 2015

Red-crowned Toadlet (Pseudophryne australis) | Copyright Chad Beranek 2016

Red-crowned Toadlet (Pseudophryne australis) | Copyright Chad Beranek 2016

There is one threatened snake which very likely occurs within the site boundaries. The attractive Broad-headed Snake (Hoplocephalus bungaroides) is one of the most threatened snakes in Australia and the Royal National Park is known to be one of their strongholds. They are a nocturnal snake and require west facing rock outcrops with lots of trees in the surrounding area. Long and behold, Spring Gully also has this particular habitat right on the site boundary. Since there has currently been no threatened surveys for nocturnal animals, which the developer should be required to employ people to do, it is unknown how abundant Broad-headed Snakes are on this site. They are a very sensitive species and will be eliminated as soon as the canopy is decimated, not to mention the increased amount of people in the area will increase the amounts of ignorant snake killings.

Hoplocephalus bungaroides

With all this biodiversity to loose, not to mention making one of Australias greatest treasures smaller still, what do we stand to gain? The developer aims to create ‘Eco-tourism’ for the area, with the installment of accommodation tents, kitchens and office. While on the surface, this may seem harmless, there are a few alarming facts which make this facade visible for what it truly is. The applicant is seeking to apply  pastoral land management to a pristine native bush. It is likely under this development plan that eventually the entire 15.5 hectares of untouched bushland will be knocked down and developed, but it wont happen instantly. The tactics most developers use is a death by a thousand cuts. First a small development, then another small development, meanwhile after each consecutive installment the biodiversity value goes down, till eventually they will argue: “Why not knock it all down for housing? There’s no threatened species here anyway…”

All in all, Eco-tourism can be great idea and can help conservation efforts if applied correctly. But if a developer is truly concerned about conservation, they will ensure to purchase a property that is already developed and does not involve the cutting down of 1000+ trees encompassed in a national park, with threatened species at stake. To stop this crime against nature from going on please visit the Spring Gully Protection website for more information and lodge your objection. The link directly to the objection form is below. We need to let the world know that our oldest relics are not compromisable.

LODGE YOUR OBJECTION